118SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Brian Wringer Former watermelon farmer Brian Wringer wears several hats for iDiz Incorporated, including Web Projects Manager, Wordsmith, and Big Idea Guy. He builds better credit unions by day and weird old … Web: www.cuidiz.com Details I’m just going to come right out and say it for all the credit union CEOs and Boards out there:If the person in charge of Marketing and Brand is not at least a Vice President level executive reporting directly to the CEO, you’re doing it wrong.We’ve worked with hundreds of credit unions over the years and we’ve noticed our most successful clients have a lot in common. One of those consistent success traits is that Marketing is treated as an essential strategic function that drives growth. After all, quality marketing is an incredible investment, not an expense.Here’s why your Marketer-in-Chief should at least be a VP or equivalent, and why you’d have to be absolutely nuts to push this incredibly important person further down the food chain.Marketing needs clout and resourcesYour head marketer should have a high level of strategic responsibility, broad decision-making power, accountability for results, and (last but not least) access to the money, people, and time needed to Get Stuff Done.Marketers need a clear vision, big problems to solve, bold strategies to enact, and room to run – not a shopping list based on last year’s allowance.Marketing makes the CEO and Board’s job easierIt’s the Board and CEO’s job to take the long view; set long-term strategy and interim goals, and keep their eyes scanning the horizon for threats and opportunities. A great Marketing VP or CMO understands all the numbers that make a credit union thrive, and how to make them move.If the Board and/or CEO are getting bogged down in the nuts and bolts of marketing (planning, tactics, proofing, approvals for every expenditure) they’re wasting critical time and taking their attention away from steering the ship. Set a course, delegate to your Marketing pro, make sure they have the resources they need, and hold them accountable.Credit unions need silo-bustersMarketers have an enormously important role as brand stewards and member advocates. That means they need to stick their nose into a lot of “other” areas, like product development, member service quality, training, processes, policies, technology, and even rates and fees. They need the title and authority to bash through departmental barriers and work directly with other high-level execs.Marketers have a unique set of skillsGreat marketing is both a science and an art, and great Marketers can bridge both sides of the brain with ease. For example, ROI numbers are important, but quality and authenticity in creative are in turn vital parts of the secret sauce that has the power to multiply ROI. Your VP of Marketing needs to understand both the “soft skills” and “hard numbers” sides of the equation and how they work together.Titles matterA title is an important signal. It’s a quick indication of Marketing’s relative importance to colleagues, members, and vendors. Get creative if that fits your culture, but in the end, make sure it’s clear that your “Chief Growth & Happiness Officer” has a high level of responsibility and the clout to match.Hey, no sneaking in extra hatsModern Marketers already wear a lot of hats, from Tech Guru to Brand Maven. So it doesn’t make a lot of sense to try for a two-fer by tossing a completely different hat on the pile. VP of Operations or Lending is a full-time job on its own, and so is VP of Marketing; you’re losing out somewhere if you try to combine these very different responsibilities.
Kumica Barica Photo: Nevio Smajić / Greenpeace “We can’t move, but you have to. ”, is the new slogan of the excellent Greenpeace campaign in Croatia, in which monuments all over the country have appeared these days with the mentioned messages. As always, the power is in ourselves, ie in the hands of consumers. Because if we change and start looking for hotels and destinations (products and companies in general) that have embarked on a path of green and sustainable transformation, we will accelerate the whole process and focus the global story on plastic disposal and sustainable development. Start with yourself. The campaign was a great hit not only with the concept, but also with the messages. Thus, the Father of Croatian Marine Biology, Špiro Brusin, can be seen in Zadar looking thoughtfully at a shell in which traces of microplastics are visible, while in Zagreb Tesla was holding his head and just muttering: “So is it really that hard to solve?» A beautiful parallel, if only every man could see the Earth from space. From Greenpeace, therefore, they launched petition seeking their ban. In two and a half months, the petition was signed by more than 40.000 people. This shows that despite their ubiquity, there is a growing awareness of the harmfulness of bags and disposable plastics in general. “People actually want to put an end to all that strong plastic, to stop stuffing them with bags at every step and burying them in plastic packaging. Citizens agree that a systemic solution is needed and show a sincere will to look for an alternative in everyday life”Said Petra Andrić, Greenpeace’s campaign manager. The world’s largest hotel chains Marriott and Hyatt have launched a global movement and environmental action to eliminate plastic straws inside their hotels, restaurants and bars. The action was joined by many other hotel chains such as Hilton, Accor, Hyat, Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts, Walt Disney Company, InterContinental and many others. PS Just this week, a video was released where investor and researcher Victor Vescovo dived to a depth of 10.928 meters in the Pacific Ocean, specifically the Mariana Trench, which is also the deepest place on Earth. And what did he find literally at the bottom of the sea? Plastic bag. Did you know that the total consumption of plastic bags in Croatia is about 200 bags per capita per year[? That means 830 million bags a year in total here alone. If we put these bags in a row, we would bridge the distance from the Earth to the Moon, or encircle the Earth around the equator as many as nine times. All the groceries fit in a canvas bag! Finally, I don’t know how many more times, I will point out and quote a French astronaut who talks about the Earth while watching it from the International Space Station (ISS) for the documentary “The Future According to Starck”, who put forward a phenomenal hypothesis and pointed out: ” When you look at the Earth from space, don’t be surprised if you get chills or tears. It’s so impressive. The ISS’s journey around the Earth takes an hour and a half, 45 minutes you see the part of the Earth where the day is, and the next 45 minutes you see the part where the night is. You see lightning that illuminates the clouds, aurora borealis… If you fly around the equator, for 45 minutes you see the northern hemisphere where it is winter, everything is white and perfectly clean, and for the next 45 minutes you watch summer. And that is something special. If all people could see the earth from space, they would realize that we are all the same, that we are all in the same spacecraft – and a small one! The parallel is even clearer in our ship. You have limited resources, so pay attention to every drop of water you drink, wash yourself, pay attention to electricity consumption because you must not run out of it. We must think on Earth as we do on a ship. What is our goal on Earth? Let’s all live together. May we all be happy, may we pass on to children the joy of living, creating, discovering and finding a way for the human race to survive as long as possible in the future.” WORLD HOTCHAIN CHAINS THROW PLASTIC STRAWS Greenpeace ‘s petition to ban plastic bags is still open for signature on HERE At Maistra’s Hotel Adriatic in Rovinj, they will throw out all disposable plastic items and replace them with available alternatives. The aim of the campaign is to raise public awareness that due to the poor quality of plastic bags, they are used briefly, due to low prices they are distributed uncontrollably and most importantly cause enormous damage to the environment, and it is easy to replace them with alternatives. And some of our hotel groups, such as Valamar and Maistra, joined the movement. As of August 1, Valamar Riviera guests will no longer be able to get classic, plastic straws, but only biodegradable cellulose straws. Namely, the largest Croatian tourist company is thus joining the world’s green campaign of putting plastic straws out of use. Special attention is paid to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, reducing water consumption, reducing waste production, recycling, wastewater treatment and reuse for irrigation and in the process of washing in laundries, improving the use of solar energy, procurement of environmentally friendly materials, especially key investments, but also to educate guests, employees and the local population about the importance of preserving the Adriatic coast and the sea, and to organize actions for cleaning the coast and the seabed. With the same goal, Valamar Riviera also throws out plastic straws. Orson Welles Photo: Maja Prgomet / Greenpeace Hotel employees, suppliers, partners and guests and citizens who enjoy hotel services are actively involved in the implementation of this initiative. In 2018, Adriatic started using replacement paper straws instead of plastic ones, and by June this year the hotel will stop using 80 percent of plastic products (bathroom amenities, beverage bottles, bags, containers, cups, etc.) for single use in order to by the end of 2019, it will be completely out of use in all its accommodation units, bars and restaurants. Furthermore, by the end of the year, Adriatic will use only biological cleaners and support cooperation with suppliers whose products (cosmetics, printed materials and even staff uniforms) are made from natural, biological, environmentally friendly or recycled materials. ZLARIN’S FIRST CROATIAN ISLAND WITHOUT DISPOSABLE PLASTICS The European Parliament agreed with the ambitious measures proposed by the European Commission to address the problem of marine litter, and the “Disposable Plastics Directive” was adopted, which deals directly with marine litter thanks to a series of ambitious measures.In cases where there are easily available and affordable alternatives, disposable plastic products will be banned on the EU market. So from 2021 they should no longer be sold plastic earplugs, cutlery, plates, straws, beverage sticks, lightweight bags, balloon holders, oxo-degradable plastic and certain styrofoam articles. In Croatia, the collection of light plastic carrying bags (up to 50 microns) is mandatory, with the exception of the so-called very light, which should be followed by the notice “Use the bags sparingly”. This provision entered into force in January 2019, but in many places it is not implemented at all or implementation is inadequate. Greenpeace believes that this will not achieve the intention of the Plastic Bags Directive to have a maximum per capita consumption of 90 lightweight plastic bags per person by the end of 2019, or 40 by the end of 2025. When we talk about the alternative, unfortunately humanity is obviously not responding to all the warning signs, at least not enough, and the only solution is to ban lightweight plastic bags for carrying and the use of Eco canvas bags. And that alone can significantly improve the situation, especially in the future. PLASTIC STRAWS, WHICH ARE PRODUCED IN A FEW SECONDS, ARE USED ON AVERAGE FOR ONLY TEN MINUTES, AND THEY DECOMPOSE EVEN 500 YEARS, AND 80% OF PLASTICS IN THE SEA COME FROM LAND. Thus, a dozen statues in Croatia, in protest against the mass use of plastic bags, “took” their canvas bags to the city, thus supporting the campaign Greenpeacea in Croatia. 1. Šetač, Osijek / Photo: Alen Večanin 2. Marija Jurić Zagorka, Zagreb / Photo: Nevio Smajić The great news is that disposable plastic items will be banned in the EU from 2021. PLANET OR PLASTIC / Great National Geographic campaign Spiro Brusina Photo: Mihovil Zrilić / Greenpeace
All 4 Irish provinces name their teams today for their pool openers over the weekend.Leinster host Castres tomorrow while Connacht host Toulose.On Sunday Ulster go to Bordeaux and Munster are in Paris to play Racing Metro.
(Visited 573 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The scientist who predicted a global ocean on Titan 35 years ago is still baffled over why Cassini did not find it.In 1981, when Voyagers 1 and 2 found Titan shrouded in methane haze, they went to work on calculations. Because Titan spends up to 20% of its orbit outside Saturn’s protective magnetic field, Titan’s predominantly-nitrogen atmosphere is exposed to the solar wind during those times. Particles in the solar wind ionize the methane (CH4) into charged forms (CH3–) that quickly recombine into other hydrocarbons, mostly ethane (C2H6), because the free hydrogen ions (H+) escape into space. Ethane is a more stable molecule that is liquid at Titan temperatures. Having nowhere else to go, the ethane rains down on the surface and accumulates.A little math shows that so much liquid ethane should have fallen in 4.5 billion years (the assumed age of the solar system), that there should be a huge quantity by now, based on how much methane is found in the atmosphere today (there could have been more in the past). “Titan is covered by an ocean one to several kilometers deep consisting mainly of ethane,” predicted Dr Jonathan Lunine in 1983 with two colleagues. Lunine subsequently reduced that estimate somewhat, but still claimed that a global ocean should be there. He continued working as an important scientist on the Cassini-Huygens mission until its conclusion last September.Radar on the Cassini orbiter failed to find oceans of liquid, except for some large lakes near the poles. Most of the largely-flat, crater-sparse, US-diameter globe is dominated by sand dunes and dry riverbeds and playas, with very few mountains exceeding 1,000 feet. The “ground truth” came in January 2005, when the European Space Agency’s Huygens Probe landed on a dry lakebed with just some hints of methane moisture in the soil. Now, with Alexander Hayes and Ralph Lorentz, Lunine looks back at “A post-Cassini view of Titan’s methane-based hydrologic cycle.” in a new open-access paper in Nature Geoscience. What are his feelings about his failed prediction?….With a surface pressure of 1.5 bar and temperatures of 90 to 95 K, methane and ethane condense out of a nitrogen-based atmosphere and flow as liquids on the moon’s surface. Exchange processes between atmospheric, surface and subsurface reservoirs produce methane and ethane cloud systems, as well as erosional and depositional landscapes that have strikingly similar forms to their terrestrial counterparts. Over its 13-year exploration of the Saturn system, the Cassini–Huygens mission revealed that Titan’s hydrocarbon-based hydrology is driven by nested methane cycles that operate over a range of timescales, including geologic, orbital (for example, Croll–Milankovitch cycles), seasonal and that of a single convective storm. In this Review Article, we describe the dominant exchange processes that operate over these timescales and present a post-Cassini view of Titan’s methane-based hydrologic system.Can a cyclic view of Titan save long ages? Ethane, remember, has nowhere else to go than down. Is it building up underneath Titan instead of accumulating in oceans on the surface? The scientists found that the lakes at the poles are dominated by methane (CH4), not ethane (C2H6), by about 71% to 21%. “The fact that Titan’s seas are methane dominated further exacerbates the long-standing mystery of Titan’s missing ethane.”The mystery could be solved if Titan is young, but that possibility is out of the question for scientific materialists. They require a billions-of-years-old solar system in order for life to evolve on Earth. So what can they do about this “long-standing mystery” facing them? Incidentally, CEH predicted right before the Huygens Probe landed that there would be very little ethane found at the landing site (3/22/2005 ref. to 1/15/2005). Without empirical observations to help them, Lunine and friends speculate about what they cannot observe.A hydrologic cycle by definition entails the exchange of material between reservoirs, most obviously between the surface and atmosphere, but also between the surface-atmosphere environment and the deep interior. On Titan, the latter interactions can only be inferred but, by analogy with the Earth, they can be expected to be important over geologic time.And yet if there is some kind of hypothetical ethane “cycle” in operation, it should appear, shouldn’t it? It sounds too convenient to hide vast quantities of missing ethane in the “deep interior” where it remains locked up, never to be observed, just because it is “inferred” to be there. Titan has no plate tectonics, so the “analogy with the Earth” is limited. On what basis can Lunine say that “exchange of material” with the “deep interior” can be “expected to be important over geologic time”? Long ages are not observable by humans. Lunine’s whole theory rescue relies on inference from unobservable factors because he will not consider the possibility that Titan is young. The ethane should be there, but it is not. If you can bear with this lengthy quote, you will see that he has no answer.Interaction of the methane cycle with Titan’s atmosphere occurs on a variety of timescales. The longest involves the gradual leakage of methane through the tropopause into the stratosphere and mesosphere, where methane is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light and energetic particles. The wavelength-dependent absorbance of UV radiation, as well as the variety and variable flux of high-energy particles, drive a complex chemistry in Titan’s atmosphere. Galactic cosmic rays can even induce a small amount of energetic chemistry at the surface. The net result of this factory is the destruction of methane, loss of hydrogen by escape, and production of heavier hydrocarbons and a variety of nitrogen-bearing species, including nitriles and imines, that rain out onto the surface. While Titan’s atmosphere makes identifying specific surface compounds difficult, VIMS analysis has firmly identified ethane and benzene, and possible detections of cyanoacetylene, acetylene, toluene and acetonitrile have been reported. Methane may also escape directly, with loss rates that are potentially competitive with photochemical destruction. The approximate timescale for complete depletion of atmospheric methane—the dominant reservoir of this molecule—is tens of millions of years, dependent on the particular photochemical model and relative importance of direct escape. Isotopic ratios of carbon and deuterium in atmospheric methane are crudely consistent with this loss rate in their lower, but not upper, limit. The ultimate source of replenishment, possibility of variable loss over time, volume and location of reservoirs of photochemical products, and potential recycling mechanisms all remain unknown.By hiding behind passive-voice verbs, he can say the “mechanisms all remain unknown” instead of “I have no idea what happened to the ethane.” Notice that the problem is worse than first stated, because the paragraph states that methane escapes from the atmosphere at loss rates comparable to UV conversion into ethane. He gives “tens of millions of years” for complete depletion, which sounds like a lot of time, but is actually on the order of just hundredths of the assumed age of Titan. Obviously the methane is not near complete depletion yet, so that reduces the age estimate even further. Incidentally, as a leading astrobiologist, Lunine was wrong about life on Titan, too. There’s no evidence of prebiotic chemistry going on down there.Fig. 4 from Lunine et al. (2018 Apr 30) shows processes at work destroying Titan’s methane. The two outgassing processes are hypothetical. Notice the question marks for “Cryovolcanism?” and “Subsurface methane/ethane reservoirs?” The liquid ethane is falling; where did it go?Scientists would know if the methane were depleted, because Titan would have little or no atmosphere left. Because methane is a potent greenhouse gas, the methane acts like a “space blanket” to keep the nitrogen from freezing out. Were methane loss to hit a critical low, the entire atmosphere would collapse to the surface, leaving just a thin veneer of gas. The paper acknowledges this fact, but tries to hide it by visualizing reservoirs of methane out of sight underground that periodically replenish the atmosphere by outgassing. Does he have evidence for this? Only by inference. He appeals to ratios of argon and potassium ions that “provide evidence for at least some outgassing from the interior.” The evidence, however, is all inferential:The episodic nature of outgassing mechanisms provides the possibility that there are periods in Titan’s history when atmospheric methane was fully consumed by photolysis. In the absence of methane, the atmosphere would be thinner but would not fully collapse, although pools and perhaps even polar seas of nitrogen are possible during the first billion years of Titan’s history.Where would the methane come out from the interior? Candidates for cryovolcanoes on Titan are few and far between, and no clear sources of methane emissions were detected by Cassini. Lunine adds another theory-rescue device: the Burp Theory:It is important to recognize that, interesting as Titan’s hydrology is today, the inventory of methane accessible to the cycle may have fluctuated substantially over geologic time, if its delivery has any stochastic component (for example, ‘belches’ of methane from the interior via cryovolcanism).With that final theoretical belch, Lunine and friends quickly change the subject. They talk about “Titan as a window into Earth’s future,” as if the two bodies are really comparable just because they have atmospheres predominantly of nitrogen. The differences, however, are far more profound: differences in size, distance from the sun, crystal composition, plate tectonics, presence of a satellite, rotation rate, temperature, and (of course) life. One can compare this to an embarrassed guest at a party: “(Burp!) Say, what do you think of the wine? I hear it’s vintage 1859 Dar-wine.”We have followed this story for years (see list) because it allows secular moyboy scientists to make bold predictions and test them, and this one failed spectacularly. If this is the best Lunine can do after 35 years of speculation and 13 years of Cassini data, we declare victory. Titan’s old age is falsified. Our prediction was right. Bold predictions that come true should get the honors in science.
Monuments to peace and freedom are found across South Africa – not surprising, given its long history of struggle against oppression. As we look back on 2016 – the 22nd year of South Africa’s freedom – we showcase 22 monuments that pay homage to the heroes who made this country great.(Image: Flickr)Brand South Africa reporter#01 Robben Island, Cape Town#02 Robert Sobukwe Memorial, Graaff-Reinet#03 Archbishop Desmond Tutu statue, East London#04 Heroes Park, East London#05 Memorial to the Six Million, Johannesburg#06 Mandela House, Soweto#07 Bhisho Massacre Memorial, Bhisho#08 Langa Memorial, Uitenhage#09 Diggers Fountain, Kimberley#10 Freedom Charter Monument, Kliptown#11 Steve Biko statue, East London#12 Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum, Johannesburg#13 Nkosi Albert Luthuli Statue, KwaDukuza#14 Holocaust Centre, Cape Town#15 Solomon Mahlangu statue, Mamelodi#16 Slavery Emancipation Monument, Elim#17 Constitution Hill, Johannesburg#18 The Workers’ Library and Museum, Johannesburg#19 Mahatma Gandhi statue, Pietermaritzburg#20 The Gallows, Pretoria Central Prison#21 The Unknown Miner, Johannesburg#22 The Apartheid Museum, Johannesburg#1 Robben Island Museum, Cape Town Robben Island is best known for its prison which held several political activists including Nelson Mandela, Robert Sobukwe and South Africa’s current president Jacob Zuma (Image: Brand South Africa)Robben Island has a varied history. From the 1400s to 1900s, travellers, sailors and settlers used it as a base to replenish food and supplies; it was also used as a post office, a quarantine station, a hospital, and prison.But the island is best known as the site where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 18 years. He was in prison for a total of 27 years, but was transferred from The Island, as the prison was known, to Pollsmoor and then Victor Verster prisons in Cape Town and Stellenbosch, respectively. Robben Island was declared a National Monument in 1996 and a National Museum in 1997.“A common thread woven into the many uses of The Island has been the exploitation of its natural resources, human rights abuses that prisoners and others ‘banished’ to the Island were subjected to, and segregation on the basis of race, gender, class and status,” reads the Robben Island website. “It is from this 500-year history of hardship and struggle that the Island has emerged as the ultimate symbol of ‘the triumph of the human spirit over adversity, suffering and injustice.”#2 Robert Sobukwe Memorial, Graaff-Reinet Pan Africanist Congress founder and leader Robert Sobukwe’s last day of freedom was on 21 March 1960. He spent the remaining 18 years of his life either in prison or in exile, always monitored by the apartheid government. He was buried in his hometown of Graaff Reinet in 1978. (Image: YouTube)In August 2014, anti-apartheid activist Robert Sobukwe’s gravesite in Graaff-Reinet was declared a national heritage site. After years of being vandalised, it was cleaned up and turned into a monument to pay respect to one of South Africa’s greatest struggle icons.Born in Little Karoo in 1924, Sobukwe was, according to South African History Online, a “strong Africanist, believing that the future of South Africa should be in the hands of black South Africans”.During his time as a member of the ANC, his Africanist views contradicted that of the party. As a result, he left the ANC to form the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) in 1959, becoming its first president.On 21 March 1960, Sobukwe and a group of PAC supporters marched to Orlando Police Station – as part of an anti-pass campaign. Sobukwe was charged for being present in a region that he was not allowed to be in according to the Pass Law, and gave himself in for arrest.He was sentenced to three years in prison for incitement. At the end of his term in 1963, parliament passed the General Law Amendment Act which included the “Sobukwe Clause”. This enabled the Minister of Justice to prolong the detention of any political prisoner indefinitely. Sobukwe was the only person imprisoned under this clause.He was moved to Robben Island where he spent six more years before being exiled to Galeshewe in Kimberley. Sobukwe died of lung cancer in February 1978.#3 Archbishop Desmond Tutu statue, East London The statue of Archbishop Desmond Tutu in East London pays tribute to him as a healer. (Image: Shamin Chibba)Unlike most of the monuments on the list, the Archbishop Desmond Tutu statue outside East London City Hall does not pay tribute to the man as a struggle hero, but rather as a healer.Tutu was one of many figures who established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), of which he was the chairman. The commission was a court-like restorative justice body intent on helping people overcome the pain experienced during apartheid.The East London City Hall was the venue of the first public hearing, in April 1996. It was the start of a two-year journey of healing. The final report of the TRC explained why it had chosen East London as its starting point: “The choice of a centre in the Eastern Cape was no accident, but a deliberate decision to focus attention on an area which had borne the brunt of some of the heaviest repression by the security forces of the previous government, in direct response to some of the most militant resistance.”Though there were threats to bomb the proceedings at the city hall, nothing occurred. The TRC has largely been hailed as a success in bringing out the truth, although some critics believe it did not help reconcile the groups at the time and that its effectiveness is still debatable today.#4 Heroes Park, East London Heroes Park in East London incorporates three monuments that remembers our freedom fighters and celebrates the country’s freedom and cultural diversity. (Image: Supplied)Heroes Park in East London not only honours South Africa’s struggle heroes, it is also a celebration of our freedom and the country’s cultural diversity. Situated across from the East London Aquarium, hundreds of struggle icons – from poet and activist Dennis Brutus to Nelson Mandela – are acknowledged, with their names etched into the granite Wall of Fame.Forming a large part of the memorial is the Multicultural Man statue, sculpted by Italian artist Francesco Perilli. Daily Dispatch described it as a monument that celebrated the history of the struggle and the country’s diversity. The Wall of Fame acknowledges struggle heroes and sporting icons who have links to the Eastern Cape. (Image: Panoramio)The three metre-high statue is of a faceless man standing in the middle of Earth. With his hands, aided by doves, he builds the world in which we live. This symbol of peace, cultural diversity and humanity is one of four – the others are in Toronto, Canada; Sarajevo, Bosnia; Sydney Australia; and Changchun, China.Despite Heroes Park being a symbol of the country’s recent struggle for freedom, it also incorporates the German Settlers Monument, which pays homage to the German families who arrived in East London between 1856 and the 1870s. In January 2015, mosaic murals were installed depicting the lives of the early immigrants in the Eastern Cape.#5 Memorial to the Six Million, Johannesburg Memorial to the Six Million is one of Herman Wald’s many public sculptures that remain a part of South Africa’s cultural landscape. (Image: HermanWald.com)Memorial to the Six Million in Johannesburg’s Westpark Cemetery pays tribute to the Jewish men, women and children who lost their lives during the Second World War.The monument depicts six bronze fists, each five feet high, bursting out of the ground as a protest from the dead. Each fist represents one million Jews who perished under Hitler.The twenty foot ram horns they hold depicts the Jewish ritual trumpet that blast out the sixth commandment “Though shalt not kill”. In pairs, the fists form the three arches of trials and tribulations that Jewish people have experienced over generations of persecution.Built in 1959, the monument was the brainchild of Herman Wald. Wald was born in Hungary and studied in Budapest, Vienna, Berlin and London. He moved to South Africa in 1937 where he lived and worked until his death.He was responsible for many large public works in South Africa of which two are significant: The Stampede in central Johannesburg and Diggers Fountain in Kimberley.#6 Mandela House, Soweto Nelson Mandela’s humble first home has become a must-see spot when visiting South Africa. (Image: Shamin Chibba)“It was the opposite of grand, but it was my first true home of my own and I was mightily proud. A man is not a man until he has a house of his own,” wrote Nelson Mandela in his autobiography, The Long Walk to Freedom of his first home on Vilakazi Street in Soweto.The house consists of four interconnected rooms and is filled with memorabilia and photographs of the family. Mandela moved into this house in 1946 with his first wife, Evelyn. After their divorce in 1957, he married Winnie Madikizela, who moved into the home with him.When he was released from prison in 1990, he returned to this home. But he only stayed in the house for 11 days. He donated it to the Soweto Heritage Trust in 1997 so it could be used as a museum.#7 Bhisho Massacre Memorial, Bhisho Twenty-eight marchers were shot and killed by the Ciskei Defence Force in what became known as the Bhisho Massacre. (Image: Buffalo City Tourism)Drive south-west along the R63 in Bhisho, Eastern Cape, and you will come across the Bhisho Massacre Memorial, a facebrick and granite structure that pays homage to the 28 marchers who were killed on 7 September 1992.On that day, about 80 000 people gathered outside Bhisho – the capital of Ciskei at the time – demanding an end to Oupa Gqozo’s military rule and the re-absorption of the so-called independent black homeland into South Africa. The marchers were led by top ANC and SACP officials, including Chris Hani, Cyril Ramaphosa, Steve Tshwete and Ronnie Kasrils. When they tried to pass the Ciskei Defence Force to enter Bhisho, Gqozo’s soldiers were instructed to open fire.Today, each of the victims’ names is engraved on the granite wall.At the unveiling of the monument in 1997, Archbishop Desmond Tutu said South Africa paid a high price for its freedom and that the massacre nearly shattered the dreams for a new South Africa.Kasrils had been blamed in the past for the massacre, with sources saying he had led a breakaway group through an opening in the Bhisho stadium fence. This allegedly led to the killings. At the unveiling, Kasrils defended himself, saying that it was easy for people to pass judgement. “We did not pull the trigger; ours was a struggle for freedom.”#8 Langa Memorial, Uitenhage The Langa Memorial, also known as Heroes Monument, in Uitenhage pays homage to the 20 marchers who were killed by police in 1985. (Image: Department of Arts and Culture)Most South Africans are familiar with the Sharpeville Massacre that took place on 21 March 1960, a date that is now remembered as Human Rights Day. But another, little known, massacre took place on that very same date in Langa, Uitenhage, 25 years later.On 21 March, 1985, police fired at a group of marchers who were observing the 25th anniversary of the Sharpeville Massacre, killing 20 of them.According to historian Alistair Boddy-Evans, the incident occurred when marchers gathered in Langa and were preparing to move on to KwaNobuhle, 10 kilometres away, where the commemorative service for the 1960 massacre was to be held. But marchers did not know the government had banned the event. It was reason enough for the police to open fire.There was an international outcry following the incident and the Kannemeyer Commission was immediately appointed to investigate the cause of the shooting. Judge Donald Kannemeyer absolved the police from culpability for the deaths but found the banning of funerals on doubtful grounds and improper riot control equipment as the main factors for the massacre.In memory of the 20 people who died on 21 March 1985 in Uitenhage in the Eastern Cape, the Langa Memorial, also known as Heroes Monument, was unveiled in the KwaNobuhle Cemetery a year after the incident took place. The tombstone in the graveyard was vandalised in June 1987 and re-erected in March 1994.#9 Diggers Fountain, Kimberley A tribute to Kimberley’s diggers stands in the Ernest Oppenheimer Memorial Gardens. (Image: Kimberley City Portal)The discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in 1871 brought thousands of miners and fortune hunters to the small Northern Cape town, to try their luck at striking it rich.To mark the history of the town – it still occupies an important position in the world diamond industry – the Miners Memorial, or Diggers Fountain, was installed in the Ernest Oppenheimer Memorial Gardens. The bronze sculpture portrays five men holding up a diamond sieve.It was designed by Herman Wald in 1960, and stands as a tribute to all the diggers who congregated on the town.#10 Freedom Charter Monument, Kliptown South Africa’s Constitution contains many of the tenets from the Freedom Charter, which was drawn up 60 years ago. (Image: Shamin Chibba)On 26 June 1955, over 3 000 representatives of resistance organisations made their way through police cordons to gather on a dusty square in Kliptown, then a freehold area 40 kilometres south of Johannesburg.This was the Congress of the People, who met to draw up the Freedom Charter, an alternative vision to the repressive policies of the apartheid state.That dusty field has now been declared a national heritage site. On 26 June 2005 the then President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, lit a flame of freedom in Kliptown to mark the opening of the Walter Sisulu Square of Dedication – and 50 years of the Freedom Charter.Walter Sisulu was a delegate at the 1955 Congress of the People, a major figure in the anti-apartheid struggle, deputy president of the ANC, underground activist and Rivonia treason trialist.Released from prison in 1989, he died in 2003, the year the R160-million Walter Sisulu Square of Dedication project was initiated.#11 Steve Biko statue, East London The Steve Biko statue in East London pays homage to the leader of the Black Consciousness Movement leader who was killed while incarcerated.(Image: Shamin Chibba)Look on the side of the Steve Biko statue outside the East London City Hall and you will find familiar names: musician Peter Gabriel, and actors Denzel Washington and Kevin Kline. These were just three of the many donors who made the statue possible. Washington and Kline depicted Biko and Donald Woods respectively in the 1987 film about the late Black Consciousness Movement leader, Cry Freedom.The statue honours Biko, whose activism helped to empower black South Africans to reclaim their dignity. In I Write What I Like, a collection of his writings, he says: “black is beautiful”. With these words, he meant: “Man, you are okay as you are, begin to look upon yourself as a human being.”Thousands gathered on Oxford Street as Nelson Mandela unveiled the bronze statue of Biko on 12 September 1997 outside the East London City Hall. Attendees included Gabriel, who performed his song, Biko, at the unveiling; Virgin Group founder, Richard Branson; and Woods, the former editor of the Daily Dispatch and Biko’s friend. Azapo members delayed the unveiling, to show their discontent that a white artist sculpted the statue.The monument was defaced twice in the first three weeks after the unveiling. But today, it has been accepted as an important part of the city’s landscape.The statue is one of six landmarks along the Steve Biko Heritage Trail; the others are Biko Bridge in East London, his home in Ginsberg, the Steve Biko Garden of Remembrance just outside King William’s Town, his old Black Community Programmes office at 15 Leopold Street in King William’s Town, and Zanempilo Clinic in Zinyoka.#12 Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum, Johannesburg The Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum honours those children who lost their lives in 1976. (Image: Brand South Africa)On 16 June 1976, at the age of 12, Hector Pieterson was shot by police during the student uprising in Soweto. Although not the first to be shot – that was probably 15-year-old Hastings Ndlovu – he was the first to die.The picture taken by news photographer Sam Nzima of his body being carried by Mbuyisa Makhubo, his sister, Antoinette, running at their side, became a global symbol of apartheid oppression.That morning, Soweto’s schoolchildren were marching against being taught in Afrikaans at schools. When they reached Maseko Street, police opened fire.Today, the Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum is a testament to their struggle to end apartheid. Nzima’s photo is central to the monument.#13 Nkosi Albert Luthuli Statue, KwaDukuza Albert Luthuli’s memorial pays homage to one of Africa’s most respected leaders. His political activism was so important to the struggle that he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1960. (Image: KwaDukuza Municipality)The Nkosi Albert Luthuli memorial comprises a bronze figure of Albert Luthuli, a wall featuring two bronze elements and, underneath the historic Indaba Tree, a bench, all set in a landscaped environment.This can be found at the KwaDukuza Municipal Chambers in KwaZulu-Natal and was unveiled in 2004.Luthuli’s home in KwaDukuza, formerly known as Stanger, was a meeting place for people linked to South Africa’s freedom struggle during the years of Luthuli’s banishment. It was also proclaimed a museum in August 2004.President-General of the African National Congress from December 1952 until his death in 1967, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1960, Chief Albert John Luthuli was the most widely known and respected African leader of his era.The Order of Luthuli is South Africa’s highest award for contributions to democracy, human rights, justice and peace. #14 Holocaust Centre, Cape Town The Cape Town Holocaust Centre was the first of its kind to be opened in Africa. (Image: Robert Cutts)The Cape Town Holocaust Centre was the first to be created in Africa; it opened its doors in 1999. It serves as a memorial to the six million Jews who were killed in the Holocaust during World War 2, as well as for the other victims of the Nazis, such as homosexuals and gypsies.The aim of the centre is to “teach about the consequences of prejudice, racism, anti-Semitism, xenophobia, homophobia, and the dangers of indifference, apathy and silence”. There is also a Holocaust Centre in Durban, and one is planned for Johannesburg.#15 Solomon Mahlangu statue, Mamelodi Anti-apartheid activist, Solomon Mahlangu, was just 23 years old when he was hanged in the gallows of Pretoria Central Prison. His remains were only moved to his birthplace of Mamelodi in 1993, after being buried in Atteridgeville for 24 years. (Image: Carnival & Solomon, Tshwane Municipality)The Solomon Mahlangu statue was unveiled in his birthplace of Mamelodi in 2005, 26 years after he was executed for being an activist against apartheid.The 23-year-old Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) member was wrongfully accused of murder and terrorism, and was hanged at Pretoria Prison’s gallows on 6 April 1979.According to South African History Online, Mahlangu joined the African National Congress in September 1976. He trained as an MK soldier in Angola and Mozambique before returning to South Africa in 1977 to assist with student protests.On 13 June of that year, Mahlangu and his companions, Mondy Johannes Motloung and George Mahlangu, were arrested for the deaths of two civilian men. Mahlangu pleaded not guilty when he was tried but was later charged with murder and terrorism, and executed.Mahlangu was buried in Atteridgeville, Tshwane.On 6 April 1993, his body was reinterred at the Mamelodi Cemetery where his supposed last words on a plaque read: “My blood will nourish the tree that will bear the fruits of freedom. Tell my people that I love them. They must continue the fight.”Watch the trailer of the film Kalushi based on Solomon Mahlangu’s lifeComrades talk about who Solomon Mahlangu was as a personWatch Mike Terry remember the little chance they had to stop the hanging of Solomon MahlanguChris Hani talks about the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom CollegeWatch President Jacob Zuma launch the Solomon Mahlangu Scholarship Fund#16 Slavery Emancipation Monument, Elim Elim was initially a refuge for the indigenous Khoi people until it was taken over by hundreds of slaves. Most its 1 400 residents living there today are descendants of the slaves. (Image: Wikimedia Commons)In memory of emancipated slaves who found refuge at Elim in the Overberg, Western Cape, is the slavery emancipation monument. Elim, with its whitewashed thatched cottages, Moravian Church and the oldest working clock in South Africa, is a national treasure.The mission station at Elim was established in 1824, when German missionaries arrived at the Cape. Biblically, Elim is the place the Israelites rested after crossing the Red Sea.The monument was first built in 1938 and was “re-unveiled” in 2004 after falling into disrepair in the 1990s. It was rebuilt in time to mark the United Nations declaration that 2004 was the year to celebrate the victory of humanity’s struggle against slavery.#17 Constitution Hill, Johannesburg The Constitutional Court has become a bastion of South African human rights and culture. (Image: Brand South Africa)Constitution Hill in Braamfontein, Johannesburg houses the highest court in the land – the Constitutional Court. But the history of the precinct is marred by pain and suffering. Before being transformed into the court, the hill housed The Fort.It was a notorious prison, with sections for “natives”, women, and awaiting trial prisoners. It housed common criminals together with ordinary citizens who were only guilty of breaking unfair apartheid laws.“The prison complex of the Fort has impacted deeply on hundreds of thousands of ordinary South Africans’ lives as it was essentially a transitory prison where prisoners were held until they were sentenced before being transferred to serve their prison terms elsewhere,” reads the Constitutional Hill website.It was chosen as the home of the Constitutional Court in the mid-1990s. Other sections of the old prison have also been transformed into memorial centres and museums, including the Women’s Gaol, Number Four, and the Old Fort.Its significance is captured on video:#18 The Workers’ Library and Museum, JohannesburgWith the workmen’s quarters housing 396 men, there was no space for privacy. They slept in long rows of hard concrete “beds” next to one another. A wooden platform above the concrete beds accommodated more men. (Image: City of Johannesburg)The Workers’ Library and Museum is housed in a restored municipal workers’ compound in Newtown. Built in 1913, it is the only intact example of an early municipal compound in Johannesburg.The workmen’s quarters housed about 396 men who worked on the city’s electricity generating plant right on their doorstep.Used until the 1970’s, the compound was renovated with one wing being developed as a museum and the other to house meeting rooms, offices and a library. The buildings were recognised as a National Monument in 1995, and an important part of working class heritage.#19 Mahatma Gandhi statue, Pietermaritzburg The bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Pietermaritzburg was unveiled a century after he was thrown off a train in the town’s train station. (Image: Guillaume Cingal, Flickr)The events of the night of 7 June 1893 changed the course of Mahatma Gandhi’s life, and would lead to his becoming the Mahatma. Plying his profession as a lawyer, the young Indian had come to South Africa for work. On the night, he was travelling from Durban to Johannesburg and had a first class ticket for the train. But he was told to leave the European compartment to go to the third class section, where non-white passengers sat. When he refused to do so, he was thrown off the train at the Pietermaritzburg Railway Station.He later wrote: “I was afraid for my very life. I entered the dark waiting-room. There was a white man in the room. I was afraid of him. What was my duty? I asked myself. Should I go back to India, or should I go forward with God as my helper, and face whatever was in store for me? I decided to stay and suffer. My active non-violence began from that date.”Gandhi’s movement for peaceful resistance to oppression and racial discrimination began that night. It would go on to have a significant and sustained impact around the world. To honour his activism, in June 1993 – a century later – Archbishop Desmond Tutu unveiled a bronze statue depicting Gandhi in Church Street, Pietermaritzburg.#20 The Gallows, Pretoria Central PrisonDescribed by “Saturday Star” as South Africa’s “factory of death”, the gallows at Pretoria Central Prison saw more than 3 500 hangings. This image was taken at the Apartheid Museum’s exhibition of the gallows. The 131 nooses shown represents the number of anti-apartheid activists who were hanged there. (Image: Apartheid Museum)The gallows of the Pretoria Central Prison opened in December 2011 in memory of the political prisoners who were executed during 1967 and 1989. At this centre’s opening, families of the deceased said their healing has started.According to Wikipedia, the prison’s official name is Kgosi Mampuru II Prison. More than 100 political prisoners were executed here during apartheid. Executions took place on Saturdays and were viewed by the public.Capital punishment ended in South Africa on 6 June 1995 by the ruling of the Constitutional Court, following a five year moratorium since February 1990.The Department of Correctional Services says prisoner, Alexander Anderson, built the first prison in Pretoria at the corner of Pretorius and Paul Kruger streets. He was serving a 12 month sentence when he struck a bargain: if he built the prison he would be acquitted.The second prison was built in 1873 in Bosman and Visagie streets. The third [and last] construction of the prison finished in 1907 at 1 Kgosi Mampuru Street.Watch President Jacob Zuma tour the gallows at Pretoria Central PrisonWatch the ceremony of the museum opening and families of political prisoners talking about their healing#21 The Unknown Miner, JohannesburgThe Unknown Miner is a casting of the original prototype of The Diamond Diggers sculptor Herman Wald created in the 1950s. This statue stands at Wits University in Johannesburg. (Image:HermanWaldExhibition.com)The Chamber of Mines building for the Engineering and the Built Environment Faculty at the University of Witwatersrand’s (Wits) is not just the home for students and staff of these departments. It is also the home of Herman Wald’s The Unknown Miner for more than three years.According to the website hermanwald.com, the monument was erected to recognise the hard work of the unacknowledged miners of Johannesburg that established the ‘City of Gold’ in 1886.In the late 1950s, Harry Oppenheimer commissioned Wald [1906 – 1970], a sculptor, to create two works to celebrate the life and achievement of his father, Sir Ernest Oppenheimer.One was The Diamond Diggers situated in Kimberley, and the other is The Stampede, otherwise known as The Impala Fountain, in Johannesburg.The prototype consisted of five figures holding up a sieve that forms the Diamond Diggers Fountain installed in Kimberley in 1959. Wald’s sons then began production of The Unknown Miner in 2011 and erected it at Wits University in November of that year.Watch the history behind Herman Wald and his sculpturesWatch Louis Wald talking about his father Herman’s struggle as an artistWatch students and experts on Wits’ campus talk about the Engineering Faculty – the home of The Unknown Miner#22 The Apartheid Museum, Johannesburg The Apartheid Museum in Joburg opened in 2001 and has become a must-see for locals and visitors. (Image: Brand South Africa)Joburg’s Apartheid Museum, assembled by a multi-disciplinary team of architects, curators, film-makers, historians and designers, takes the visitor on a powerful emotional journey into South Africa’s past. It brings to life the story of a state-sanctioned system based solely on racial discrimination.The museum features large photographs, metal cages and monitors replaying scenes from South Africa prior to 1994. It is situated next to the Gold Reef City casino and theme park, five kilometres south of Joburg’s city centre.It has become one of Johannesburg’s leading tourist attractions, an almost obligatory stop for visitors and residents alike.After a few hours at the Apartheid Museum you will feel that you were in South Africa’s townships in the 1970s and ’80s, dodging police bullets or teargas canisters, marching and toyi-toyiing with thousands of schoolchildren, or carrying the body of a comrade into a nearby house.See this for more:“It is not only important to tell the apartheid story, but it is also important to show the world how we have overcome apartheid. There certainly is a lesson for other countries, and this [is] related through the complexity and sheer power of the installations,” explains the museum’s director, Christopher Till.Source: South African History OnlineWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Photo taken from CJ Hancock’s Instagram accountMMA fighter CJ Hancock survived the fight of his life even during his fight with Charlie Ontiveros in the Legacy Fighting Alliance Saturday (Manila time).Hancock reportedly collapsed during the second round of the match.ADVERTISEMENT John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Read Next GSP wins middleweight title in UFC comeback LATEST STORIES “Doc says I shouldn’t fight again,” he said. “I’m broken, but I still plan on competing in Brazilian jiu-jitsu and BJJ superfights when I get better.”Though extreme weight cutting is not advisable because of the obvious dangers it brings, there’s still some fighters, who still practice such measures.In a separate report by MMA Fight, Dhafir “Dada 5000” Harris suffered a heart attack and kidney failure in his bout against Kimbo Slice at Bellator 149 in February last year.The same was the case with muay thai boxer Jordon Coe, who died from suspected heatstroke after trying to cut weight just last March.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA MOST READ Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa In a post on Facebook, Hancock thought he already saw his life pass him by.“Well, I died tonight in the cage,” he wrote, as reported by Bleacher Report. “I’m OK. Thanks everyone. I’ll reply when I can. My heart stopped, and I had kidney failure. They did CPR and hit me with the EKG twice and brought me back.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutHancock shared he’s still unsure of what happened, but he said it could be due to his drastic efforts to cut weight prior to the fight.That alone made Hancock decide to walk away from the sport for good, noting that the match against Ontiveros would be his last inside the cage. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:42Stars face off at ONE: Dawn of Heroes01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games View comments
AdvertisementThere has been a lot of reports of the fight between Manny Pacquiao and Lucas Matthysse, scheduled for July 14th in Malaysia, not taking place as there are some financial issues plaguing that event. However, Former eight division world champion Manny Pacquiao says his fight against WBA ‘regular’ welterweight champion Lucas Matthysse WILL be happening as planned for July 15.Golden Boy Promotions and Matthysse had been waiting on some money due to them the past few weeks.Although Golden Boy President Oscar De La Hoya and Pacquiao are confident of the fight taking place, Pacquiao’s former promoter Bob Arum of Top Rank isn’t certain that the fight will take place because of missed deadlines for the money needed to make it happen.“The fight will proceed as scheduled,” Pacquiao said to The Philippine Star. “I am training hard for the fight and I never allow any distraction to destroy my focus.”“I might be there for about ten days, I want to go out there and help Manny promote and do my rounds in Malaysia. I have my plane tickets already. So we’re set to go, we have a fight,” De La Hoya said to Boxingscene.Advertisement
In the Men’s division A semi finals, the Slippery Eels defeated Can’t Lick This, while the Devils defeated Te Whanau to progress through to the final, with the Eels defeating the Devils in the final. In the Women’s division A semi finals, Te Whanau defeated the Baby Suns and Cutie Cucumbers defeated No Idea, with the Cutie Cucumbers beating Te Whanau in the final. In The Mixed Open A division semi finals, Te Whanau defeated the Suns Mixed, while the Keys defeated the Rebels, with Te Whanau taking out the final over the Keys. ResultsMen’s Division A finalSlippery Eels defeated The DevilsMen’s Division B final Take It Slow defeated Bandiana Scorpions Men’s Division C finalHot Rods defeated ACT Men’s 50’sWomen’s Division A final Cutie Cucumbers defeated Te WhanauWomen’s Division B finalHustle N Flow defeated Suns Women’s Open Mixed Division A finalTe Whanau defeated KeysMixed Division B finalPapa Pistols defeated Mix And Match CanberraMixed Division C finalBullets defeated Touch UM If You CanFor all of the results from the 2012 Yass Knockout, please visit the Yass Touch website:http://www.sportingpulse.com/assoc_page.cgi?c=14-508-0-0-0&sID=12036
The NRL-TFA strategic alliance states that there is ‘a place on the field for everyone’ and that was definitely the case at the 2014 New South Wales State Cup. In Port Macquarie for the TFA Annual General Meeting, NRL Chief Executive Officer and TFA Board Member, Dave Smith was even able to make his State Cup debut on Saturday afternoon for the Jerrabomberra Men’s 40’s. Smith joined TFA Chief Executive Officer, Colm Maguire and TFA General Manager – Marketing, Communications and Partnerships, Julian Buckmaster, as well as Rugby League great, Adrian Lam, in in the Jerrabomberra Storm team for their final game of the day against the Manly Sea Eagles. Smith said he ‘enjoyed it and felt pretty exhausted’ following the game. “It’s a great team, there’s some real talent out there and it was a tough game. We lost 4-2 but we gave it our best and I thought the boys played fantastically well. It’s a fast game, there’s lots of skill required,” Smith said. Following the AGM, Smith toured the fields and also ran into Penrith Panthers’ star, Matt Moylan who is playing for the Panthers’ Men’s Open team at the State Cup. Smith said it was a fantastic day. “I just saw Matty before I came on the field, he was probably watching me to get one or two tips. It’s great, a lot of NRL players have come through the Touch system and anyone that saw Shaun Johnson at the Four Nations final can see how brilliant Touch players are. “The skill levels are one thing but just the sheer enjoyment of watching people around the place be a part of it has been great. I’m glad I stayed the whole afternoon and I’m really privileged the boys gave me a bit of a run, I let them down a bit but it was good fun. It’s been a good experience, Touch is a great game.”And will he take to the field again?“100 percent, it’s been fantastic, I’ve really had a good day.”Related LinksSmith makes SC debut